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Measles

Last updated on Thursday, 18 July 2024 at 09:51am

Measles is a viral infectious disease. This page provides information about measles cases in England.

Cases are confirmed through either local or reference laboratory testing.

Numbers shown here are provisional and subject to change as:

  • more suspected cases undergo confirmatory testing
  • some locally tested cases are discarded after obtaining further epidemiological information or undergoing confirmatory testing at the reference laboratory

We update measles data every 2 weeks on a Thursday at 9.30am.

Headlines

Cases

Since January 2024
Up to 8 Jul 2024
2,012

Cases

In the past 4 weeks
Up to 8 Jul 2024
187

Since 1 January 2024, there have been 2,012 laboratory confirmed measles cases reported in England.

41% (830 of 2,012) of these cases have been in London, 26% (521 of 2,012) in the West Midlands, and 9% (180 of 2,012) in the East Midlands. The majority (1,255 of 2,012, 62%) of cases have been in children aged 10 years and under, and 31% (622 of 2,012) in young people and adults aged 15 years and over.

In the 4 weeks since 17 June 2024, there have been 187 confirmed cases. London accounted for the highest proportion of these (61%, 114 of 187). 11% (21 of 187) of cases have been in the East of England and 10% (18 of 187) in the West Midlands.

Distribution of cases in England by age, since January 2024

Cases aged under 1 year

Up to 8 Jul 2024
12%

Cases aged 1 to 4 years

Up to 8 Jul 2024
25.9%

Cases aged 5 to 10 years

Up to 8 Jul 2024
24.4%

Cases aged 11 to 14 years

Up to 8 Jul 2024
6.7%

Cases aged 15 to 24 years

Up to 8 Jul 2024
11.4%

Cases aged 25 to 34 years

Up to 8 Jul 2024
10.4%

Cases aged 35 years or more

Up to 8 Jul 2024
9%

Distribution of cases in England by UKHSA Region, since January 2024

East Midlands

Up to 8 Jul 2024
8.9%

East of England

Up to 8 Jul 2024
7.3%

London

Up to 8 Jul 2024
41.3%

North East

Up to 8 Jul 2024
3.9%

North West

Up to 8 Jul 2024
4.4%

South East

Up to 8 Jul 2024
3.1%

South West

Up to 8 Jul 2024
1.3%

West Midlands

Up to 8 Jul 2024
25.9%

Yorkshire and Humber

Up to 8 Jul 2024
4%

Trends

Cases by week of symptom onset

Laboratory confirmed cases of measles by week of onset of rash or symptoms reported, London, West Midlands and England from 1 January 2024. The data reporting lag has greatest impact on the most recent 4 weeks. Reported figures for this period are likely to underestimate activity. These data points are represented by dashed lines.

Up to and including 8 July 2024

ChartThere are 6 plots on this chart. The horizontal X-axis is labelled 'date'. Whilst the vertical Y-axis is labelled 'metric'. This is plot number 1 on this chart. This is a colour_1_dark_blue solid line plot. The plot has a label of 'England'. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the England area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 01 January 2024 to 10 June 2024. It fell from 74.0 on 01 January 2024 to 63.0 on 22 January 2024. It fell from 70.0 on 29 January 2024 to 57.0 on 19 February 2024. It fell from 78.0 on 26 February 2024 to 77.0 on 18 March 2024. It rose from 63.0 on 25 March 2024 to 84.0 on 15 April 2024. It rose from 83.0 on 22 April 2024 to 104.0 on 13 May 2024. And finally. It fell from 100.0 on 20 May 2024 to 55.0 on 10 June 2024. This is plot number 2 on this chart. This is a colour_1_dark_blue dash line plot. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the England area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 10 June 2024 to 08 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 55.0 on 10 June 2024, ending with the same value on 10 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 74.0 on 17 June 2024, ending with the same value on 17 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 63.0 on 24 June 2024, ending with the same value on 24 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 38.0 on 01 July 2024, ending with the same value on 01 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 12.0 on 08 July 2024, ending with the same value on 08 July 2024. This is plot number 3 on this chart. This is a colour_2_turquoise solid line plot. The plot has a label of 'London'. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the London area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 01 January 2024 to 10 June 2024. It rose from 7.0 on 01 January 2024 to 9.0 on 22 January 2024. It rose from 8.0 on 29 January 2024 to 13.0 on 19 February 2024. It rose from 28.0 on 26 February 2024 to 36.0 on 18 March 2024. It rose from 27.0 on 25 March 2024 to 43.0 on 15 April 2024. It rose from 40.0 on 22 April 2024 to 54.0 on 13 May 2024. And finally. It fell from 61.0 on 20 May 2024 to 28.0 on 10 June 2024. This is plot number 4 on this chart. This is a colour_2_turquoise dash line plot. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the London area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 10 June 2024 to 08 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 28.0 on 10 June 2024, ending with the same value on 10 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 43.0 on 17 June 2024, ending with the same value on 17 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 44.0 on 24 June 2024, ending with the same value on 24 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 21.0 on 01 July 2024, ending with the same value on 01 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 6.0 on 08 July 2024, ending with the same value on 08 July 2024. This is plot number 5 on this chart. This is a colour_3_dark_pink solid line plot. The plot has a label of 'West Midlands'. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the West Midlands area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 01 January 2024 to 10 June 2024. It fell from 65.0 on 01 January 2024 to 34.0 on 22 January 2024. It fell from 29.0 on 29 January 2024 to 23.0 on 19 February 2024. It fell from 24.0 on 26 February 2024 to 21.0 on 18 March 2024. It fell from 16.0 on 25 March 2024 to 13.0 on 15 April 2024. The date fluctuates between 12.0 on 22 April 2024, ending with the same value on 13 May 2024. And finally. It fell from 9.0 on 20 May 2024 to 5.0 on 10 June 2024. This is plot number 6 on this chart. This is a colour_3_dark_pink dash line plot. This plot shows data for Measles. Specifically the metric 'measles_cases_casesByOnsetWeek' for the West Midlands area, along with the age banding of 'all' for the gender group of all. This plot shows data from 10 June 2024 to 08 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 5.0 on 10 June 2024, ending with the same value on 10 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 9.0 on 17 June 2024, ending with the same value on 17 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 5.0 on 24 June 2024, ending with the same value on 24 June 2024. The date fluctuates between 2.0 on 01 July 2024, ending with the same value on 01 July 2024. The date fluctuates between 2.0 on 08 July 2024, ending with the same value on 08 July 2024. - Refer to tabular data.
Tabular data

Cases by week of symptom onset data for laboratory confirmed cases of measles by week of onset of rash or symptoms reported, London, West Midlands and England from 1 January 2024.

The data reporting lag has greatest impact on the most recent 4 weeks. Reported figures for this period are likely to underestimate activity. These data points are represented by dashed lines.

Up to and including 8 July 2024

DateEnglandAmount
8 Jul 2024-12
1 Jul 2024-38
24 Jun 2024-63
17 Jun 2024-74
10 Jun 20245555
3 Jun 202477-
27 May 202469-
20 May 2024100-
13 May 2024104-
6 May 202486-
29 Apr 202481-
22 Apr 202483-
15 Apr 202484-
8 Apr 2024106-
1 Apr 202498-
25 Mar 202463-
18 Mar 202477-
11 Mar 202491-
4 Mar 202454-
26 Feb 202478-
19 Feb 202457-
12 Feb 202471-
5 Feb 202469-
29 Jan 202470-
22 Jan 202463-
15 Jan 202453-
8 Jan 202465-
1 Jan 202474-
DateLondonAmount
8 Jul 2024-6
1 Jul 2024-21
24 Jun 2024-44
17 Jun 2024-43
10 Jun 20242828
3 Jun 202436-
27 May 202441-
20 May 202461-
13 May 202454-
6 May 202443-
29 Apr 202435-
22 Apr 202440-
15 Apr 202443-
8 Apr 202458-
1 Apr 202440-
25 Mar 202427-
18 Mar 202436-
11 Mar 202435-
4 Mar 202424-
26 Feb 202428-
19 Feb 202413-
12 Feb 202413-
5 Feb 202415-
29 Jan 20248-
22 Jan 20249-
15 Jan 202412-
8 Jan 202412-
1 Jan 20247-
DateWest MidlandsAmount
8 Jul 2024-2
1 Jul 2024-2
24 Jun 2024-5
17 Jun 2024-9
10 Jun 202455
3 Jun 202412-
27 May 20248-
20 May 20249-
13 May 202412-
6 May 20249-
29 Apr 202411-
22 Apr 202412-
15 Apr 202413-
8 Apr 202410-
1 Apr 202419-
25 Mar 202416-
18 Mar 202421-
11 Mar 202430-
4 Mar 202413-
26 Feb 202424-
19 Feb 202423-
12 Feb 202424-
5 Feb 202424-
29 Jan 202429-
22 Jan 202434-
15 Jan 202431-
8 Jan 202449-
1 Jan 202465-
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There was a rapid increase in measles cases in late 2023 driven by a large outbreak in Birmingham. Activity in Birmingham has now decreased to lower levels. There has subsequently been a rise in cases in London and small clusters in other regions.

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